Welcome to Nural's newsletter focusing on how AI is being used to tackle global grand challenges.
Packed inside we have
- AI startup Adept wants Transformers to replace the Mouse and Keyboard
- Tiny, caterpillar-like soft robot for minimally invasive surgery
- The Meta Oversight Board says Facebook’s automated image takedowns are broken
- Prompt injection attacks against GPT-3
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Key Recent Developments
AI startup Adept wants Transformers to replace the Mouse and Keyboard
What: Adept is a new AI start-up formed of a few researchers who left Google Brain. In Adept's vision, future PC use will be without keyboard and mouse and we will entirely interact with speech based commands interpreted by language models. Earlier this year, they raised $65m to make this happen.
They have recently released ACT-1 as the first iteration of their "natural-language interfaces" and have trained it to use a web browser.
Key Takeaway: As technology develops, it becomes even more important to reimagine the fundamental ways we interact with our daily tools. Adept have begun on this journey to reimaging how we interact with our browsers using natural language. See below for a list actions it has already been trained to do. What more complex actions can you imagine for the future? Does this promise a future where anyone who can articulate their ideas in language can implement them, regardless of expertise?
- What might ordinarily take 10+ clicks in Salesforce can be now done with just a sentence - See video on blog
- Search a site for non-structured data based on a search criteria
- Providing commands on Google sheets interface (even if you don't know the formuale) e.g. "Make a profit and then a profit margin column and then highlight the lowest two values"
The Meta Oversight Board says Facebook’s automated image takedowns are broken
What: The Meta oversight board was established in 2019 as an independent group of experts to whom Meta and its users can refer appeals over platform and content decisions, providing another avenue for more complex concerns.
Having taken on a new set of cases, the board have found that Facebook's automated image takedown process is broken. Following the removal of an image, it is added to Meta’s Media Matching Service database, which means Meta’s systems flag it automatically for takedown when users post it. Images will stay in this database even if it is later found that an image was incorrectly taken down.
The board have stated "By using automated systems to remove content, Media Matching Service banks can amplify the impact of incorrect decisions by individual human reviewers."
Key Takeaway: The board semi-independent board was established by Meta for this exact reason; to ensure that Meta's policy's act in the best interest of its users. Other examples of high profile decisions by this board include the banning of Trump from its platforms.
Are these more democratic styles of governance the future of tech? Are they effective?
Prompt injection attacks against GPT-3
What: With new technology, comes a new wave of bad actors attempting to exploit weaknesses for their own gain. Following the advent of large language models and GPT-3, the same has occurred. Users have found certain prompts can get the model to either completely ignore the request, or leak what the initial request was.
Key Takeaway: New technology, new attacks, increased security. This is the constant cycle. OpenAI and other developers of LLMs bear this burden as the drivers of this new emergent technology and it is more critical than ever before following the increasing number of players who are commercialising the models.
Tiny, caterpillar-like soft robot for minimally invasive surgery
What: "When you hear the term "robot," you might think of complicated machinery working in factories or roving on other planets. But "millirobots" might change that. They're robots about as wide as a finger that someday could deliver drugs or perform minimally invasive surgery."
AI Ethics & 4 Good
Other interesting reads
Cool companies found this week
White Lab Genomics - Data science for DNA and RNA therapies. They leverage graph knowledge technology and machine learning to help customers discover and design new genomic therapies. Recently raised $10m in funding
Stability AI - Building openAI tools and the company behind the viral text-to-image generator Stable Diffusion.
Minirobots to perform minimally invasive surgery
AI/ML must knows
Foundation Models - any model trained on broad data at scale that can be fine-tuned to a wide range of downstream tasks. Examples include BERT and GPT-3. (See also Transfer Learning)
Few shot learning - Supervised learning using only a small dataset to master the task.
Transfer Learning - Reusing parts or all of a model designed for one task on a new task with the aim of reducing training time and improving performance.
Generative adversarial network - Generative models that create new data instances that resemble your training data. They can be used to generate fake images.
Deep Learning - Deep learning is a form of machine learning based on artificial neural networks.
Nural Research Founder
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