Welcome to Nural's newsletter where we explore how AI is being used to tackle global grand challenges.

As always in the newsletter you will find a compilation of articles, news and cool companies all focusing on using AI to tackle global grand challenges.

Packed inside we have

  • AI detecting floods from space for the first time
  • An open source version of AlphaFold2, DeepMind's protein folding algo
  • AI powered interview tools giving German-only speakers, high ratings in their English speaking scores (via an experiment to test the limits of the tools)
  • and more...

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Marcel


Source

Key Recent Developments


Artificial Intelligence pioneered at Oxford to detect floods launches into space

Artificial Intelligence pioneered at Oxford to detect floods launches into space | University of Oxford
A new technology, developed by Oxford researchers, in partnership with the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Φ-lab, will pilot the detection of flood events from space. It was deployed on hardware on D-Orbit’s upcoming ‘Wild Ride’ mission being launched by SpaceX’s Falcon 9 from Cape Canaveral, 30 June,…

What: "A new technology, developed by Oxford researchers, in partnership with the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Φ-lab, pilots the detection of flood events from space... The work is a first step towards relaying real time information from space to disaster response teams."

Key Takeaway: This model can significantly reduce the costs of flood detection which is of huge benefit for low income countries. It also represents a big step for ML use in space as this is the first time "a machine learning model for this type of task will be actually deployed in space."

Paper


These Are The Startups Applying AI To Tackle Climate Change

These Are The Startups Applying AI To Tackle Climate Change
Fighting climate change is an urgent global imperative. It is also a massive business opportunity.

What: "Climate change is the most pressing threat that the human species faces today. Artificial intelligence is the most powerful tool that humanity has at its disposal in the twenty-first century.

Can we deploy the second to combat the first? A group of promising startups has emerged to do just that."

Key Takeaway: AI has huge potential when applied directly to solving global challenges. This article provides insight into how startups are turning the emergent technology into tangible products in the climate space. Crossing the implementation gap is vital if we want to realise the benefits of AI.


Analytics is at a crossroads

Analytics is at a crossroads
The world is full of great analysts. Will we have the courage to go looking for them?

What: This article outlines how data roles often require a certain niche technical background. This requirement precludes those without these explicit technical skillsets but with perhaps the same analytical rigour and with greater domain expertise. How valuable is it to assume a coder can learn the domain but a domain expert can't learn the data techniques?

Key Takeaway: The article also touches on how these aforementioned assumptions has an impact on women entering the data field. It is strongly worth a read!


Researchers match DeepMind’s AlphaFold2 protein folding power with faster, freely available model

Researchers match DeepMind’s AlphaFold2 protein folding power with faster, freely available model – TechCrunch
DeepMind stunned the biology world late last year when its AlphaFold2 AI model predicted the structure of proteins (a common and very difficult problem) so accurately that many declared the decades-old problem “solved.” Now researchers claim to have leapfrogged DeepMind the way DeepMind leapfrogged …

AI Ethics

🚀How TikTok’s hate speech detection tool set off a debate about racial bias on the app

🚀 Charting the ‘Data for Good’ Landscape

🚀 Ethics in AI conference videos

🚀 Cheat-maker brags of computer-vision auto-aim that works on “any game”

Other interesting reads

🚀 Clean energy: How AI can help spot the copper we need

🚀 We tested AI interview tools. Here’s what we found. (MIT Review) - German-only speakers given high ratings in their English speaking scores!

🚀 EleutherAI - the GPT3 clone. A year in review

🚀 How to Expand an AI Services Business and Gain Traction with Enterprise Clients - with Cory Janssen of AltaML (podcast)

Papers

🚀 Highly accurate protein structure prediction with AlphaFold


Cool companies I have come across this week

Health

Aidoc - AI that flags acute radiology abnormalities as they enter the workflow.

Climate

Bamboo Energy - The Bamboo Energy platform enables electricity flows to become bi-directional, transforming consumers into prosumers who can choose the moment to sell and buy energy. (Article)


AI/ML must knows

Few shot learning - Supervised learning using only a small dataset to master the task.
Transfer Learning - Reusing parts or all of a model designed for one task on a new task with the aim of reducing training time and improving performance.
Tensorflow/keras/pytorch - Widely used machine learning frameworks
Generative adversarial network - Generative models that create new data instances that resemble your training data. They can be used to generate fake images.
Deep Learning - Deep learning is a form of machine learning based on artificial neural networks.

Best,

Marcel Hedman
Nural Research Founder
www.nural.cc

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