Welcome to Nural's newsletter where we explore how AI is being used to tackle global grand challenges.

As always in the newsletter you will find a compilation of articles, news and cool companies all focusing on using AI to tackle global grand challenges.

Packed inside

  • A piece I wrote on the Montreal AI Ethics Institute's site which explores AI and healthcare
  • Researchers have found significant flaws in research being produced which attempts to use AI to diagnose COVID-19
  • Professors are turning down Free money from Google due to their previous treatment of the Ethics team lead, Timnit Gebru
  • How AI can unlock renewable energy grid resilience
  • and more...

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Marcel


Nural Article - Artificial Intelligence and Healthcare: From Sci-Fi to Reality

(This article was written as a guest article for the Montreal AI Ethics Institute)

Artificial Intelligence and Healthcare: From Sci-Fi to Reality | Montreal AI Ethics Institute
✍️ Guest column by Marcel Hedman, founder of Nural Research. This past year has been filled with huge disruption due to the onset of COVID-19. However, this has not detracted from major leaps in the…

Key Recent Developments


Major flaws found in machine learning for COVID-19 diagnosis

Major flaws found in machine learning for COVID-19 diagnosis
High levels of bias and not enough high quality data plague machine learning for COVID-19 diagnosis and prognosis, an analysis found.

What: Researchers from Cambridge and Manchester Universities have assessed over 2000 papers produced which attempt to use ML to diagnose COVID-19 or help with therapy. They have found serious shortcomings which highlight the existing weaknesses of using ML in healthcare. Most papers made no attempt to "perform external validation of training data, did not assess model sensitivity or robustness, and did not report the demographics of people represented in training data."

Key Takeaway: The transition from AI research to AI in a clinical setting requires better quality data which is evaluated in a more rigorous way than is currently done in most papers. Bridging this implementation gap is often expensive or requires a change in focus from searching for the best AI algorithms possible to searching for the most effective algorithm for mass adoption.


Stop Calling Everything AI, Machine-Learning Pioneer Says


What: Michael Jordan (not the basketball player), who is a researcher at the University of California, Berkeley has shone a light on the widespread misunderstanding of what AI is and its limitations. He believes that AI works best to augment human intelligence in specific tasks and that people should refrain from talking about AI as if there is some kind of intelligent thought in computers.

Key Takeaway: Increasingly there has been a blurring of what the term AI truly encapsulates, with many jokes often being made that what was once just statistical analysis is now called machine learning and AI. However, it's important to note that while AI is achieving phenomenal results in certain specific tasks, it would be a mischaracterisation to believe that machines think in the same way humans do. There are countless examples of the systems failing or experiencing huge drops in performance when in new, unexplored contexts.

Link: https://spectrum.ieee.org/the-institute/ieee-member-news/stop-calling-everything-ai-machinelearning-pioneer-says


Why artificial intelligence is key to renewable energy grid resilience

Why artificial intelligence is key to renewable energy grid resilience
The global transition to renewable energy will need AI technology to manage decentralized grids and tight governance to ensure fair access and resilience.

Key points

  • The global transition to renewable energy will need artificial intelligence (AI) technology to manage decentralized grids.
  • AI can balance electricity supply and demand needs in real-time, optimize energy use and storage to reduce rates.
  • Technology governance will be needed to democratize access, encourage innovation and ensure resilient electricity sources.

AI Ethics

🚀 Google offered a professor $60,000, but he turned it down. Here's why

🚀 A 5-step guide to scale responsible AI (World Economic Forum)

🚀 Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Human Therapists?

🚀 FBI warns of the rise of 'deepfakes' in coming months and explains how to spot them easily

Other interesting reads

🚀 U.S. safety agency reviewing 23 Tesla crashes, three from recent weeks

🚀 How AI can alleviate energy poverty

🚀 International collaboration will use AI to enhance climate change projections

🚀 AI Champions Driving New Industry Solutions For Climate Change


Cool companies I have come across this week

Privacy

Text IQ - AI-Powered Privacy, Security, and Data Discovery.

Identify and protect sensitive information hidden in enterprise data

Other

The Language Interpretability Tool (LIT) - The Language Interpretability Tool (LIT) is for researchers and practitioners looking to understand NLP model behavior through a visual, interactive, and extensible tool.


AI/ML must knows

AutoML - The process of automating the process of applying machine learning to real-world problems. AutoML covers the complete pipeline from the raw dataset to the deployable machine learning model.
Transfer Learning - Reusing parts or all of a model desinged for one task on a new task with the aim of reducing training time and improving performance.
Tensorflow/keras/pytorch - Widely used machine learning frameworks
Generative adversarial network - Generative models that create new data instances that resemble your training data. They can be used to generate fake images.
Deep Learning - Deep learning is a form of machine learning based on artificial neural networks.

Best,

Marcel Hedman
Nural Research Founder
www.nural.cc

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